MEDICAL

Cardiology

InBody’s four core technologies give doctors the ability to provide an accurate and precise health assessment to their patients who are overweight or have risk factors associated with CVD. The data generated by the InBody provide outputs such as body fat percentage, total body water and lean body mass. InBody devices also provide Visceral Fat Analysis so doctors and patients can monitor changes in the fat around organs. InBody devices can also identify swelling or fluid retention, which can put extra strain on the heart and lead to further issues.

What is Cardiology?

Cardiology is a branch of medicine that specializes in areas of the heart and parts of the circulatory system. Cardiologists typically discuss heart health, which can be influenced by diet and exercise.

Why is body composition analysis an

effective tool for treating cardiovascular diseases?

 

Body composition is important for understanding a patient’s cardiovascular health. High blood volume, increased water levels in the body, strains on the heart are all issues that stem from conditions like obesity. BMI is commonly used to determine a patient’s risk for cardiovascular disease; however, BMI overlooks a patients’ visceral fat that is often linked to a higher risk for cardiovascular risk. By using this method, doctors cannot determine how much of a patient’s body is muscle or fat.

On the other hand, body composition analysis differentiates between a patient’s muscle, fat, and water levels. Studies have proven InBody DSM-BIA body composition analyzers are an effective tool for treating patients with cardiovascular disease and improving surgical outcomes. InBody devices ensure cardiology professionals can be certain that the outputs generated accurately reflect changes within the patient.

In less than 60 seconds, cardiology professionals receive an InBody Result Sheet (body composition printout) that can aid in:

– Obtaining objective fluid measures and guide fluid management strategies

– Effectively monitoring nutrition status and guide nutritional interventions

– Accurately tracking patient progress and predict surgical outcomes

IMPORTANCE OF PHASE ANGLE

“Preoperative low PA is an accurate marker of malnutrition and an independent predictor of adverse postoperative outcomes…We recommend using it to detect malnutrition in the cardiac surgery population.”

Ringaitiene et al., 2016
MONITORING EDEMA IMPROVES PATIENT OUTCOMES

“EI determined by BIA is a useful predictor of the amount of weight reduction needed to reach dry weight…in HF patients.”

Yamazoe et al., 2015
DANGERS OF VISCERAL FAT

“…a significantly higher percentage of participants with VFA ≥100 cm2 had diabetes, obesity, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia and hypo-HDL cholesterolemia.”

Hancu et al., 2015

PHASE ANGLE

Assess cellular health to assess surgical risks and outcomes

Phase angle, a measure of how the cells respond to the electrical currents used to measure body composition, reflects cell membrane integrity and has been linked to survival in various oncological populations. When cells are healthy, they are better able to resist these currents utilized by the InBody, resulting in a higher phase angle.

Monitor nutritional status of cardiac patients

Phase angle reflects changes in cellular health that occur before the onset of cardiac cachexia or circulation issues. Monitoring of changes in phase angle is not only used to track patient status but is closely linked to surgical risks and outcomes in cardiac patients.

By assessing these outputs over time, a patient’s nutritional status can be monitored as they progress through a rehabilitation program and complications related to interventions or surgeries can potentially be avoided.

MUSCLE-FAT ANALYSIS

Improve quality of cardiac rehabilitation

After a cardiac event, patients often undergo rehabilitation, consisting of health education, nutrition counseling, and exercise training, to improve cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of recurrence. However, cardiac rehabilitation programs rely on BMI as a marker for change in nutritional status even though it is not an effective method for tracking changes in body composition and health status.

Ability to develop individualized treatment plans

By using InBody, professionals can monitor a patient’s muscle-fat balance to guide nutritional interventions and track progress throughout the rehabilitation program. InBody measures of lean mass and Edema Index can further aid in the assessment of muscle loss that may be masked by increase fluid retention.

InBody provides the patient a more accurate representation of their muscle and fat balance with percent body fat while also tracking changes in muscle, fat and fluid over time through the Body Composition History section. This chart provides an educational outline to start discussion towards lifestyle change and can guide nutritional interventions as well as monitor exercise progress through rehabilitation programs. Patients are provided a visual representation of progress to stay motivated while professionals are able to make adjustments to their programs as needed.

SEGMENTAL ECW/TBW WATER ANALYSIS

Assess fluid balance in each body segment

InBody provides an Edema Index, the precise measurement of the ratio of extracellular to total body water. Monitoring the Edema Index (ECW/TBW) provides an assessment of fluid accumulation in the extracellular space resulting from compromised cardiovascular function. The Edema Index reflects changes in cardiac and circulatory function, underlying circulation issues, and the effectiveness of diuretics. By using the Edema Index to assess fluid balance, cardiology professionals can develop more effective fluid management strategies to improve patient outcomes.

Diagnose circulation issues

In addition to Whole Body ECW/TBW, Edema Indices specific to each segment of the body (arms, legs, and trunk) indicate where region-specific fluid imbalances may be occurring. The arms and legs can be monitored separately to identify circulation issues in the extremities, and truncal edema, which is often the most difficult to identify, can now be quantified and monitored.

Why do cardiologists trust InBody?

Biometric data is gathered by InBody’s four core technologies to deliver quick, accurate and precise results. These technologies allow you to trust that the results reflect your patients’ true health from the inside out.

Multi-frequency Measurements

Multi-frequency Measurements are able to measure extracellular water (ECW) and intracellular water (ICW), providing an accurate and quantitative measure of total body water.

Direct Segmental Measurement

Direct Segmental Measurement divides the body into five separate cylinders and measures the impedance for each segment.

8-Point Tactile System

The 8-Point Tactile System with thumb electrodes offers reliable reproducibility by ensuring that tests are always beginning at the same anatomical starting points.

No need for empirical estimations

These technologies combined eliminate any need for empirical data(assumptions for body composition based on factors like age, gender or ethnicity).

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